The original wooden minaret did not survive. It was rebuilt and enlarged by the Roman emperor Constans I. The Turkish secular government in 1934 decided to make it a museum. The Turkish secular government in 1934 decided to make it a museum. The structure originally erected on the site of the Hagia Sophia was a Christian cathedral called the Megale Ekklesia, which was commissioned by the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine I. ... Kiev, Ukraine, city view with St. Sophia’s golden dome christian orthodox cathedral with its Bell Tower on a beautiful sunny summer day $ 0,99 – $ 19,99 Select license. Islamic prayers were held shortly after the announcement with curtains partially concealing the building’s Christian imagery. Hagia Sophia was the most popular museum in Turkey last year, drawing more than 3.7 million visitors. Hagia Sophia was built as an Orthodox Christian cathedral and stood as … It was also an important site of Muslim worship after Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453 and designated the structure a mosque. “Today, relations between Turkey and Russia develop dynamically. Constantinople(now Istanbul) Turkey. Hagia Sophia: Istanbul monument becomes mosque again after Erdogan signs decree. Saint Sophia should be returned to Christians,” the parliamentarian said. Please call the Cathedral Administrator at 202-838-1553 with any questions about our services. Irene Ducas, detail of a 12th-century mosaic in the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul. On July 10, the Supreme Administrative Court of Turkey annulled a 1934 decision to turn the St. Sophia Cathedral into a museum. There are three aisles separated by columns with galleries above and great marble piers rising up to support the dome. Istanbul, Turkey - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Sales: 800-685-3602 Add to cart. Like. According to the 5th-century ecclesiastical historian S… The first of the three Christian structures to be built on the site had another name altogether: Megale Ekklesia, or “Great Church.”. Sergius and Bacchus), Zeyrek (Christ Pantokrator, Theotokos Eleousa & St. Michael), Istanbul Museum of the History of Science and Technology in Islam, Museum of Illumination and Heating Appliances, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Mosque (Büyükçekmece), Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Mosque of Lüleburgaz, List of works designed with the golden ratio, Viewpoints: Mathematical Perspective and Fractal Geometry in Art, European Society for Mathematics and the Arts, Goudreau Museum of Mathematics in Art and Science, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hagia_Sophia&oldid=1002064557, Churches and monasteries of Constantinople, Mosques converted from churches in Istanbul, Buildings converted to Catholic church buildings, Church buildings converted to a different denomination, Mosques converted from churches in Turkey, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2019, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Byzantine Greek-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2017, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles with Turkish-language sources (tr), Articles prone to spam from November 2013, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gaspare Fossati's Hagia Sophia (lithographs by Louis Haghe), Ousterhout, Robert G. 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